State of Bahia

State of Bahia, Brazil

Bahia, which is located on the northeastern side of Brazil, is among the 26 states of the country. After Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro, the state is fourth among the nation’s most populous states and fifth when it comes to size. It is the state where Salvador is the capital.


Among the other major cities in the state are Feira de Santana, Vitoria Conquista, Juazeiro, Ilheus, and Itabuna.


Feira de Santana


Next to the capital city, Feira de Santana is second of Bahia’s most inhabited cities. It is located 115 kilometers from the northwest of Salvador. The city is also often referred to as “princesa do sertao” or the “backcountry’s princess” for its location in the zone of Agreste.

Feira de Santana is known for its festivals and parties. The feast for Senhora Sant’Ana, which takes place every last week of July, is enjoyed by many, especially with its activities that include the burinha, segura-a-veia, and bumba-meu-boi. Every September, the city has the Festival of Violeiros and every November, the donkey race is being held.


Among the attractions in Feira de Santana are its contemporary arts museum and the Antares Astronomical Observatory.


Vitória da Conquista


Vitória da Conquista serves as the regional center for the state’s smaller cities. It was founded in 1783 after numerous battles against the natives. Formerly referred to as Conquista, the city was put in city status in 1891. Throughout the state, Vitória da Conquista is the center for transportation and trade. Many of the state’s food processing plants and dairies are located here.




Named after the juazeiro tree which rapidly grows in the region, the city of Juazeiro lies on the Curaca River and the Sao Francisco River. It is the other part of the twin city, Petrolina-Juazeiro.


Established in 1883, the Juazeiro was elevated to a city on July 15, 1878. It is the birthplace of famous footballer, Dani Alves and of guitarist/songwriter, Joao Gilberto.




Ilhéus is situated 430 km from Salvador’s south. It was originally founded in 1534 and is known for being among the important tourism hubs in the northeast part of the country.


Some of the city’s main attractions are its beaches which include the Northern Beach, the Saint Michael’s Beach, Beach of the Avenue, Christ’s Beach, and Millionaire’s Beach. Museu Casa de Cultura Jorge Amado on the other hand is dedicated in honor of the country’s famous writer, Jorge Amado, who is a native of the city. The Sacred Art Museum and the Vesuvius Bar will also interest many tourists.